SPSS for Windows consists of five different windows, each of which is associated with a particular SPSS file type. We will examine two of these windows: the Data Editor and the Output Viewer.
The Data Editor window displays the contents of the working dataset. It is arranged in a spreadsheet format that contains variables in columns and cases in rows. Notice how there are two tabs at the bottom of the window: Data View, and Variable View.
The Data View tab let’s you examine the data, much like it appears in an Excel spreadsheet. The Variable View tab allows you to examine information about the dataset that is stored with the dataset.
The Output Window shows the results of requested statistical analyses or graphs. The items in the Output Window can be exported to a Word file to submit for activities.
Here are two examples:
Click the OK button.
Here are the statistics that you can obtain using Analyze >> Descriptive Statistics >> Explore:
To create a normal plot:
To create a scatterplot for a given x- and y-variable,
To perform a one-sample t-test, the response variable values should be loaded into the Data Editor. Suppose that the response variable name is x.
To perform a paired-sample t-test, the two response variable values should be loaded into the Data Editor. Suppose that the response variable names are x and y.
To perform an independent two-sample t-test, the response variable values should be loaded into a single column x. A second column should contain the group names. This second column should be a nominal variable, say with the variable name Group.