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Project Title:
Community participatory intervention with high-risk African-American women
Funding Source: National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities
Leonard A. Jason, Ph.D., Principal Investigator
Doreen Salina, Ph.D., Co-Investigator
Daphna Ram, Ph.D., Project Director

It is critical to evaluate gender-specific residential post-release programs that provide at-risk women with supports that serve to increase abstinence from substance use, reduce HIV risk behaviors, reduce psychological symptoms, decrease recidivism, and help attain better health outcomes. It is important to identify the types of settings or interventions that might promote health service utilization and more positive health outcomes following release from jail. Structure and supportive recovery homes may be effective in promoting health outcomes and increasing positive health behaviors through social support (Jason et al., 2006b). From initial contact onward, the DePaul research team and the Oxford House community have been active participants and both endeavored to maintain the alliance. The University team not only strived to cultivate collaborative and cooperative relationships with Oxford House, but also was committed to active involvement in the process of creating change. Some examples of collaborative endeavors of the research team and Oxford House include the involvement in the establishment of the first Men’s, first Women's, and first Women with Children’s Oxford Houses in Illinois, as well as historical and ongoing involvement in activities that support the national growth of Oxford House. The present study examined the potentially different roles of abstinence-specific and general social support for African-American women who are exiting from the criminal justice system. A pretest-posttest experimental design will be employed that compares communal-living settings supportive of abstinence (i.e., Oxford House condition) to a usual care condition. We hypothesized that women assigned to the Oxford House condition will report reduced HIV risk behaviors and better health outcomes (i.e., better medical adherence and health service utilization), decreased recidivism, increased abstinence from substance use, improved psychological functioning, and higher levels of support than women assigned to the usual care condition at all follow-up intervals. Our data have now been collected and we are involved in data analysis.

Below are staff involved in data analysis and write up of studies:

 

 

 

Doreen Salina is submitting an HIV profile paper and working on a CDIS trauma paper.

 

Daphna Ram is working on a CDIS Latent Profile Analysis

COR-L paper examining bifactor model filt (working with Zach and BreAnna)

A paper dealing with conflict with mom and self-efficacy (with Chris)

Processes of Change and Stages of change (with Chris and Ed)

 

Ron Harvey is working on grants and submitting his dissertation on survival analysis.

He needs to assign the project Rebecca was working (Important Activities data set) to another person.

Chapter on OH with several others.

 

Elias Kithuri is working on dissertation data collection in Kenya dealing with recovery issues.

 

Ed Stevens is working on revisions for 2 papers based on his dissertation involving sponsors.

 

Jocelyn is resubmitting a paper dealing with children and harm.

 

Working on a paper dealing with depression, sexual risk behaviors, and behavioral health (with Daphna)

 

Children in OH: Stress and social support: Kristina Campagna, Bronwyn

OH photo voice study: Stephanie Nisle

Microeconomics of OH residents: Fieldwork data collection & Intervention: Kristina, Andrew

Social Net analysis of Ex offender study: Simona, Ariel

Stepping Stones evaluation: Becky

Entrepreneurial women in OH paper: Becky, Sarah, Kristina

 

Chris Whipple is working on housing location as a predictors of self-efficacy at baseline.

 

John Majer is finishing one study from the baseline data set dealing with social networks.

 

Dina Chavira is working on the timeline baseline project

She is working on the community participation study comparing Latinos to the Ex-Offender data set.

Chapter on OH with Lenny, Ron and Sarah.

 

Roberto Lopez will submit the Texas study to Asia Online.

Roberto’s paper with Gloria on psychosocial factors needs to be out to J of Latino Studies. 

Roberto and Dina are working on a paper that compares baseline ex-offenders to Latinos. 

Roberto is also finishing a paper on a measure of acculturation.

Roberto is also supervising Alexa who worked on a Duos project last year on parent child relationships, and she will work to finish that paper and project.

 

Lauren Vollinger is using our baseline data housing pathways to recovery.

 

BreAnna Pope is studying COR-L factor analysis paper, resource loss and empowerment (with Zach)

 

Ariel Stone is working with a network density paper (with Sarah), CIDS task force (with Caleb)

 

Stephanie Nisle is working on the OH Chase study (with Sarah) and the are you a mother/race study (with Megan)

 

Ann Komer  Leadership paper with Ron,  MPA poster on social support, interpersonal conflict, and depression.

 

Zach Siegel is looking at medical qualitative data.

 

Jamie Bobert is describing Health Behavior/Sexual risk variables for Jocelyn/Katie paper; and examining relationships of variables waves 1-5.

 

Yvette Ramirez is working on mental health and substance use treatment TLFB project.

 

Beth is an Adler student working on her dissertation with the PAR data set.

 

Bronwyn Hunter is also working on empowerment paper with Allie

Paper with Emily May is submitting an overview of OH studies published to date.

 

Chris Beasley is writing up papers from his dissertation on P/E fit within OHs.

He is also working on a paper with Jackie and Craig involving personality and involvement with AA, and with Charmaine and Mike are also working with him on a paper involving T girls.

 

Josefina Alvarez is going to resubmit Elbia’s paper on ethnic identity.

Josefina is working with the baseline paper begun by Samantha/Steph paper.

Josefina’s other students, Andrea Goddard and Roberto, also from Adler are working on the Latino data sets for their dissertations. 

 

Olya Rabin-Belyaev is working on a paper dealing with predictors of self-efficacy for abstinence.

Working on a paper with Corrine involving Substance Abuse and Re-Entry.

Dissertation papers to publish on values in academic community psychology and another one on education and degree received.

 

Julia has submitted a paper dealing with PTSD symptomatology.

 

Brad Olson is with Joe Wheeler on a measure to be used for intake (involving the ASI and efficacy)

 

 

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Completed Grants

 

Project Title: Reducing Health Disparities within the Hispanic/Latino Population

Funding Source: National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Leonard A. Jason, Ph.D., Principal Investigator

Josefina Alvarez, Ph.D., Co-Principal Investigator

Julia DiGangi, Ph.D., Project Director

 

Culturally-modified Oxford Houses may be a more effective option for Hispanic/Latino individuals who are Spanish-dominant, less comfortable with U.S. culture, or identify more strongly with their ethnic culture. In these Houses, all residents are Hispanic/Latino, and participants have the option of speaking English, Spanish, or a mixture of both languages. Culturally-modified Oxford Houses provide a more culturally-congruent experience such as welcoming visits by extended family members. In addition, residents of Culturally-modified Oxford Houses are more likely to use culturally-congruent communication styles, characterized by an emphasis on relationships, downplaying direct conflict in relationships in order to preserve harmony, and respect. In the present study, we compared the outcomes of Hispanic/Latino individuals assigned to a Culturally-modified Oxford Houses to those assigned to a Traditional Oxford House. Data have been collected and analyzed, and we are currently writing up several final papers on this data set.

 

Project Title: Abstinent Social Support in Oxford House
Funding Source: National Institute of Drug Abuse
Leonard A. Jason, Ph.D., Principal Investigator
Bradley Olson, Ph.D., Co-Principal Investigator
Ron Harvey, Ph.D., Project Director

The primary aim of this project was to employ a randomized design to more closely study the role played by post-release aftercare in the outcomes of 270 criminal offenders who received in-prison substance abuse treatment. This study compared the relative effectiveness of Therapeutic Community (TC) aftercare to an Oxford House (OH) aftercare alternative that provides a supportive living environment without the professional treatment of TC aftercare.  Bringing scientific methods to the examination of TCs and the OH community-based recovery models for addiction will help identify the active ingredients of these recovery settings.  Few if any comparison groups have provided a residential setting that emphasizes socialization and abstinence from drugs and alcohol, a hallmark of TC aftercare settings.  The proposed study utilized ex-offenders randomly assigned to either TCs, OHs, or usual care post-release settings, and examine program effects (i.e., substance use, criminal and health outcomes), and economic factors associated with these models. All data have been collected and are now being analyzed. Research findings from a study that contrasts these different approaches has the potential of influencing practice and informing policy.